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Grow healthy food and plants in healthy soil

Don’t treat your soil like dirt! | Understanding Mycorrhizae |Granular and Liquid Fertilisers |How to make excellent compost | Learn about Organic Soil Matter

Don’t treat your soil like dirt!

Soil is a living resource, care for it and it will look after your plants. Some rich soils contain more living biomass underground than may be found above ground. It contains its own food web of bacteria, fungi, protozoa, nematodes, collembola, worms, millipedes, with arthropods on the surface and a myriad other creatures. A teaspoon of healthy soil will contain billions of organisms.

The home gardener and allotment grower has to work with the soil to hand. Soils are mostly sand, silt and clay. It will range from well balanced loams to alkaline chalk, heavy clay and acidic sandy soils to fine silt. However most plants can be grown in most soils and you can create excellent conditions by following a few simple steps.

You grow your plants in the top 20 -30 cm of topsoil; this should be rich in organic matter and friable. If it is not work must be done. The easiest way to amend soils is to buy a bulk load of compost from a local supplier and spread a layer 2-4cm deep over the planting area. See www.wrap.org.uk for local suppliers. If your soil is heavy clay digging in some sand to the mix will help. If adding compost is not practical you can use compost teas. You can also plant potatoes - the biology that forms around the roots will break up even the heaviest clay soil but you must plant another crop as soon as the potatoes are harvested to keep the microbes alive.

Once you have built up a good friable rootzone rich in microbial life that should be the end of deep digging forever, as the soil microbes and worms will aggregate the soil and provide spaces for air and water.

Mycorrhizae

Mycorrhizae are essential for virtually all plants grown in the garden of allotment except members of the brassica (cabbages, brussel sprouts etc) and beet families. Mycorrhizal fungi extend the plants’ rootsystem and solubilise nutrients especially phosphate and introduce them into the plant. Mycorrhizae ensure that your vegetables absorb the full range of nutrients and trace elements from the soil.  

 
 

Symbio supplies a range of Mycorrhizal Inoculants suitable for all containerised plants, seeds and cuttings with our range of Mycorrhizal products in home and garden shop. It costs just a few pence to inoculate a new containerised shrub or a square meter of vegetable seeds but you may get double the growth in the first year. Early growth is very important for vegetables and giant vegetable growers like European champion Jos Ghaye.

 

Mature plants grown in living soil do not need much additional nutrition but vegetable plots, young plants, plants grown for effect in high densities or pot plants will often benefit from extra slow release nutrition.

We recommend organic nutrients because inorganic fertilisers have a high salt index and salt is bad for the soil and plant; and in the long run inorganic fertilisers reduce the plant available nutrients in the soil. They also make the plant grow quickly with nitrogen and phosphate without taking up a balanced selection of trace elements which is needed for a healthy diet..

Granular Fertilisers
Symbio supplies a range of organic and part organic fertilisers that also contain mycorrhizae and soil bacteria and fungi. This enables you to add the bottom rung of the soil food web with slow release organic nutrients and trace elements with Symbio Organic fertilisers. Symbio MycoGro Organic Starter Fertiliser (5.4.3) is an excellent pre season or starter fertiliser for most plants while MycoGro Organic High K is good for tomatoes and flowers and lawns in spring and autumn.

Liquid Fertilisers and Biostimulants
For summer nutrition and pot plants it is best to use organic liquid feeds which also act as biostimulants to feed the soil food web. Symbio BioBooster 8.7.7 made from concentrated extract of fish blood and bone an excellent all year round fertiliser. When combined with Symbio Fulvic Booster it is very good at stimulating cool season and low light growth.

For tomatoes, flowers and plants needing extra potassium use Symbio BioBooster Organic High K rich in plant proteins and trace elements.

How to Make Excellent Compost

Good soil needs plenty of organic matter and carbon. You can convert all your green food waste, lawn clippings, leaves and garden waste into good compost to revitalise your soil.

Regardless of the size of heap, container or bin you use, there are several key rules to follow

  • The ratio between green waste (grass, weeds, vegetable waste) and brown waste (leaves, twigs, stalks ) should be about 45:55 but roughly half and half is fine. Twigs and sticks should be shredded first. If you do not have enough brown garden waste add ripped cardboard or newspaper.
  • Herbivore animal waste is OK in the green waste faction do not add meat or dairy products or waste.
  • It should be kept moist at about 50% -55% humidity like a wrung out sponge.
  • It should be turned when the core temperature gets hot i.e. about 65oC this may happen 3 times during an aerobic composting process
  • Do not add weed seeds or diseased plants unless you are making hot aerobic compost

To build the heap it is best to mix the materials and build in 20-30cm layers. Add water to make it moist and Symbio Compost Starter to each layer. Used by commercial composters Compost Starter can help you make aerobic compost in 6-8 weeks.

Aerobic compost is best, you need to turn it when it gets hot to ensure the microbes get enough oxygen and takes 6-8 weeks to make. However if you just leave the heap alone it will degrade over the course of a year or two without oxygen. If the heap gets too dry composting will stop so it is important to water the heap occasionally.

 When the compost is finished spread it liberally over your soil. If you are going to leave the soil fallow over winter apply it in autumn or at least one month before seeding. Used it as mulch around existing roses, shrubs and trees it will improve water percolation and retention and root growth.

Soil Analysis

It is not really necessary to analyse garden soils unless you want to grow championship specimens or plant acid loving ericoidal plants like rhododendrons or blueberries or you have inherited a recent building site that may be all sand or unidentified top soil. Symbio can conduct a complete range of biological and chemical analysis if needed. If you want to grow acid loving plants a pH check may be needed. PH may be lowered with very light additions of ferrous sulphate or by applying compost made from coniferous tree waste. Biologically active soil produces humus and humic acids and many other substances which regulate pH and make nutrients available to the plants.

If you follow these simple steps you will enjoy productive soil and healthy food and plants that are a joy to grow.

Organic Soil Matter - Ecofriendly Product For Child Plant

Author: scott freedman

If you want to build organic soil matter around plant root zone of your garden Mycorrhizae fungi and beneficial soil biology should be your first choice. In my opinion Mycorrhizae fungi and beneficial soil biology are very effective in upgrading the quality of soil and also increasing its fertility. Today, markets offer successful and well researched soil biology product like Myco and Soil Blast. They work in all sorts of soil ranging from sand to clay to coco coir and can be used for both indoor and outdoor plants. Beneficials find place to process organic soil matter waste of plant to enriched organic plant nutrition. These products also work effectively in hydrophonic applications like coco coir and rockwool. In natural growing plants it tends to suffer from decaying organic soil matter and utilize low concentration of natural beneficial organism known to break all these particles naturally, with time.

Standing today, when soils are mixed to enhance its productivity it is an unfortunate truth that these soil microbes are either missing or stripped off due to external factors like pollution, excessive salinization etc. Thus, to regain or repair this important loss it is important to use products like Myco blast and soil blast to ensure the right level of organic soil matter in the soil. The blend of beneficials, fungi and soil bacteria in these products guarantee sound flow of processed organic materials to reach to plant roots directly. Thus, resulting in more level of nutrition for a healthy and faster growth of plant well equipped to combat hassle of high performance growing.

Article Source: http://www.articlesbase.com/sales-articles/organic-soil-matter-ecofriendly-product-for-child-plant-4007663.html

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